Statistica Sinica 28 (2018), 1907-1928
Abstract: We propose a method for linear mixed effects models when the covariates are completely observed but the outcome of interest is subject to missing under cluster-specific nonignorable (CSNI) missingness. Our strategy is to replace missing quantities in the full-data objective function with unbiased predictors derived from inverse probability weighting and calibration technique. The proposed approach can be applied to estimating equations or likelihood functions with modified E-step, and does not require numerical integration as do previous methods. Unlike usual inverse probability weighting, the proposed method does not require correct specification of the response model as long as the CSNI assumption is correct, and renders inference under CSNI without a full distributional assumption. Consistency and asymptotic normality are shown with a consistent variance estimator. Simulation results and a data example are presented.
Key words and phrases: Calibration method, cluster-specific nonignorable missingness, inverse probability weighting, nonignorable missingness.