Statistica Sinica 32 (2022), 1541-1562
Yuan Wu, Ying Zhang and Junyi Zhou
Abstract: In this manuscript, we propose a spline-based sieve nonparametric maximum likelihood estimation method for a joint distribution function with bivariate interval-censored data. We study the asymptotic behavior of the proposed estimator by proving the consistency and deriving the rate of convergence. Based on the sieve estimate of the joint distribution, we also develop an efficient nonparametric test for making inferences about the dependence between two interval-censored event times and establish its asymptotic normality. We conduct simulation studies to examine the finite-sample performance of the proposed methodology. Finally, we apply the method to assess the association between two subtypes of mild cognitive impairment (MCI), amnestic MCI and non-amnestic MCI, for Huntington's disease (HD) using data from a 12-year observational cohort study on premanifest HD individuals, PREDICT-HD.
Key words and phrases: Empirical process, generalized gradient projection algorithm, sieve estimation.