Abstract: Random walk models driven by GARCH errors are widely applicable in diverse areas in finance and econometrics. For a first-order autoregressive model driven by GARCH errors, let be the least squares estimate of the autoregressive coefficient. The asymptotic distribution of is given in Ling and Li (2003) when the GARCH errors have finite variances. In this paper, the limit distribution of is established as functionals of a stable process when the GARCH errors are heavy-tailed with infinite variances. An estimate of the tail index of the limiting stable process is proposed and its asymptotic properties are derived. Furthermore, it is shown that the least absolute deviations procedure works well under the unit-root and heavy-tailed GARCH setting. This research provides a relatively broad treatment of unit-root GARCH models that includes the commonly entertained unit-root IGARCH scenario.
Key words and phrases: Autoregressive process, GARCH, heavy-tailed, IGARCH, stable processes and unit-root.