Abstract: A two-stage symmetric regression quantile is considered as an alternative for estimating the population quantile for the simultaneous equations model. We introduce a two-stage symmetric trimmed least squares estimator (LSE) based on this quantile. It is shown that, under mixed multivariate normal errors, this trimmed LSE has asymptotic variance much closer to the Cramér-Rao lower bound than some usual robust estimators. It can even achieve the Cramér-Rao lower bound when the contaminated variance goes to infinity. This suggests that the symmetric-type quantile function is as efficient in other statistical applications, such as outlier detection. A Monte Carlo study under asymmetric error distribution and a real data analysis are also presented.
Key words and phrases: Regression quantile, simultaneous equations model, trimmed least squares estimator.