Statistica Sinica 28 (2018), 255-276
Abstract: We propose a pointwise inference algorithm for high-dimensional linear models with time-varying coefficients. The method is based on a novel combination of the nonparametric kernel smoothing technique and a Lasso bias-corrected ridge regression estimator. Due to the non-stationarity feature of the model, dynamic bias-variance decomposition of the estimator is obtained. With a bias-correction procedure, the local null distribution of the estimator of the time-varying coefficient vector is characterized for iid Gaussian and heavy-tailed errors. The limiting null distribution is also established for Gaussian process errors, and we show that the asymptotic properties differ between short-range and long-range dependent errors. Here, p-values are adjusted by a Bonferroni-type correction procedure to control the familywise error rate (FWER) in the asymptotic sense at each time point. The finite sample size performance of the proposed inference algorithm is illustrated with synthetic data and an application to learn brain connectivity by using the resting-state fMRI data for Parkinson's disease.
Key words and phrases: Asymptotic theory, high-dimensional linear models, statistical inference, time-varying coefficients, time series analysis.